Part I – Virginia Messina
Ginny is a registered dietitian with a master’s degree in public health from the University of Michigan. She writes about vegetarian and vegan diets for both the public and health professionals and speaks on vegan diets at scientific events for health professionals as well as events for the public.
Ginny is co-author of two books on vegan nutrition, Vegan for Life and the recently released Vegan for Her. She also co-authored a vegetarian textbook for health professionals The Dietitians’ Guide to Vegetarian Diets.
She lives in Port Townsend, Washington with her husband and an ever-changing population of rescued cats. When she’s not researching and writing about vegan nutrition, she volunteers for her local animal shelter and feral cat group, practices piano, gardens, and is learning to knit with vegan fibers.
She blogs at TheVeganRD.com and is also TheVeganRD on twitter and facebook.
Hello everybody I’m Caryn Hartglass, and you’re listening to it’s all about food. Here we are its August twenty seventh, two thousand thirteen, lovely day here in new York city. And I wanted to let you know what going with me and Responsible Eating And Living, my not for profit 50123 organization, we just launched a new swinging gourmet’s video, now I don’t know if you caught part one of The Real American Barbeque, with the swinging gourmets’ I hope you did and if you didn’t you’re going to have to catch up because it was a fun show, and now we have part two of The Real American Barbeque where were making strawberry short cake with cashew cream. And it’s a fun ten minute video and I hope you can check it out its at swingingourmets.com you can find it there or you could run over to the Responsible Eating website and click on the “TV” tab, and it’s the first video listed there under our “Food Shows” so check it out it’s fun. And then let me know what you think at email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org. Okay, let’s bring on my first guest today I’m going to be bringing back Ginny Messina, she a registered dietitian with a masters in public health from the University of Michigan, she writes about vegetarian and vegan diets for both the public and health professionals, and speaks on vegan diets at scientific events for health professionals as well as events for the public, she is a co another of two books on vegan nutrition, Vegan For Life and the recently released Vegan For Hart which we are going to be talking about today, she also co-authored a vegetarian textbook for health professionals The Dietitians’ Guide to Vegetarian Diets and she blogs at TheVeganRD.com.
Caryn Hartglass: Welcome, Ginny to It’s All About Food!
Ginny Messina: Yeah hi Caryn it’s great to be here.
Caryn Hartglass: Yeah thank you, so it looks like we got a series going on here we got Vegan For Life and now we got Vegan For Her are we going to get vegan for somebody else?
Ginny Messina: Oh I don’t know, everybody is asking for vegan for him, so it might happen you never know.
Caryn Hartglass: Well I think so, but anyway let’s talk about Vegan For Her, actually there’s probably a lot in the book that men can take advantage of too, but it’s good to get a special focus for women
Ginny Messina: Yeah and that’s definitely true, the general nutrition guide lines are applicable to men and there’s information about eating to reduce risk for heart disease and osteoporosis all things men need to be concerned about too.
Caryn Hartglass: Right, but you know it is good to focus on woman’s issues, you know I like to think that there is a basic diet that is going to work for everyone and were learning more and more about surtan foods and what they can do and we will talk about some of them, but you know we are a little different from men and we have our own special diseases and um, it’s nice to have special attention, that is directed specifically at our physiology.
Ginny Messina: that’s right yeah, and of course even some nutrient needs are a little different for women for example, I talk a little bit about iron and the fact that premenopausal women have higher iron needs and what that needs is a plant based diet, so yeah there are concerns that are very specific to women.
Caryn Hartglass: Let’s talk a little bit more about that iron thing, so as most women know we create a little extra blood every month per menopause, to get ready for possible child making and that takes a mixture of nutrition.
Ginny Messina: yeah it does, and that is the reason the fact that women Menstruate means that they lose iron every month and there for their iron needs are about twice what men need on a daily basis, and so women do need to pay attention to that, plant foods are packed with iron there’s plenty in lagoons and whole grains in particular. We need to eat those foods along with vitamin C rich foods like strawberries and orange juice and leafy green vegetables, because that enhances the absorption of iron from plant food, so that’s really important.
Caryn Hartglass: Well that’s kind of the nice things about plant food they tend to come naturally package with the thing we need to go with, sometimes you need to combine high vitamin C foods with an iron food, but a lot of the times the foods have so many different things in them and we need all of them together.
Ginny Messina: That’s right, and for example you could eat spinach it’s got both iron and vitamin C so that’s really ideal, and you know the nice thing is that iron absorption is better regulated from plant foods, and once women hit menopause their iron needs drop dramatically and, getting iron from plant foods is especially good in that case because there are some danger associated with iron overload later in life, and vegan women are less likely to have to deal with that, our iron stores are better regulated for optimal health then people who eat meat.
Caryn Hartglass: Yay!
Ginny Messina: Yay!
Caryn Hartglass: Yay us! Yeah you know something I got from this book, is that there’s a lot that we don’t know, and there’s a lot that were learning more and more but, there’s plenty out there that’s kind of a mystery and we need to learn a lot more you talked earlier in the book about the different kinds of studies and articles that are available for the tests that are done, and we should talk a little bit about that actually, but its next to impossible to do a study that would need to be done to really determine what is the ideal diet for humans.
Ginny Messina: Yeah it really is, and you know there is some answers and some areas that have so many unanswered questions, like the relationship of diet to cancer, for example we just have not been able to define exactly what people need to do and what they need to eat in order to lower risk for cancer, on the other hand we do know that plant foods are so packed with vital chemicals you know, these thousands of plant chemicals that seem to have myriad health benefits, full of different kind of health benefits related to cancer and heart disease. So the evidence points us towards eating more plant foods and fewer animal foods, and of course vegans don’t eat any animal foods. And I think we can feel pretty confident that, that’s our advantage when it come to concerning chronic disease.
Caryn Hartglass: yeah, now the thing is people hear these little sound bites all the time, and take all kinds of information out of context and get really confused so, just a little brief summary about what we should be paying attention to and what we shouldn’t be paying attention to, or should we just buy your book and forget about it?
Ginny Messina: Yeah you can just buy my book! Actually the book has a food guide in it for vegans, called the Plant Plate and it summarizes very concisely I think, the kinds of foods we need to be sure to include in our diet to make sure we’re meeting nutrient needs, for example eating three servings of legumes every day. This is a food group that not just includes beans but a vast array of soy product like tofu, and tempi, and veggie meats, and also peanuts and peanut butter, for people who don’t want to eat beans have a peanut butter sandwich.
Caryn Hartglass: Yum!
Ginny Messina: It’s that easy and that familiar, so making sure your eating legumes, eating whole grains everybody knows you’re supposed to eat lots of fruits and vegetables, including some nuts and seeds in your diet. Really important for getting healthy fat, since we’re optimal nutrient intake. So those are the kind of thing we want to pay attention too, we don’t need to think so about whether your diet has the right amount of carbohydrates or the right amount fat, or whether you’re getting to much amount of protein. If you’re getting these nutrients from plant foods you’re eating healthy carbs, healthy fats, healthy proteins you don’t need to worry about the ratio so much.
Caryn Hartglass: I like that and you call it intuitive eating at one point in the book which I really like.
Ginny Messina: Yeah, I talked about that in the chapter on weight management, about the importance of developing intuitive eating which means. Very simply, it’s simple definition not so simple to do, what it means is eating in response to your body’s hunger symbols, not because its twelve o’clock and it’s time for launch
Caryn Hartglass: Or you’re bored, I love that!
Ginny Messina: Or you’re board or you’re depressed, and we all now we’re supposed to do that it’s not so easy to do, it’s something that you have to practice by sitting down and eating mindfully. listening to your bodies hunger symbols, it takes some time, it takes some practice but for a health body weight especially it’s something important to do.
Caryn Hartglass: Well, that’s kind of a lesson for all life, just being mindful and paying attention, and not just reacting and doing thing mindlessly.
Ginny Messina: Right!
Caryn Hartglass: That’s hard work. You concentrate a bit all throughout the book on soy foods, and soy foods have gotten a lot of press over the past few decades. Some people are petrified of soy foods unfortunately, and there’s really not a lot to worry about actually is there?
Ginny Messina: No, there’s really not , you know the compounds in soy foods that people are concerned about are Isoflavones. which are phytoestrogens their plant estrogens, people get confused thinking they’re the same thing as the hormone estrogen that mammals produce. They’re not, they are treated very differently in the body, the way they bond receptor and different cells is very different from estrogen and the kind of long story short or in a nutshell explanation is that; Isoflavones sometimes act like estrogen, sometimes act in completely opposite ways towards estrogen or sometime act in ways that have nothing to do with hormones and the evidence indicates for example, that young girls who consume Isoflavones during puberty, or during adolescence when their beasts are developing the Isoflavones somehow impact breast development in a way that concurs lifelong protection against breast cancer.
Caryn Hartglass: Wow.
Ginny Messina: Not a guarantee but lowers risk for breast cancer, so that’s really exciting information about soy foods.
Caryn Hartglass: Yeah, and shows the importance of getting a good start with nutrition when you’re young.
Ginny Messina: Right and its really interesting because the protection does seem to come at that particular time of life, if you start to eat soy foods in your twenties and thirties it doesn’t confer the same protection.
Caryn Hartglass: Right.
Ginny Messina: it has to be during breast development so it really is so important for young girls to be eating a healthy diet.
Caryn Hartglass: But it doesn’t mean that if you’re older it’s all over either, because the body is so forgiving, and when you start taking away the toxic foods, and cramming it with great nutrition it really, really adjust very nicely and you can strut.
Ginny Messina: Well it does absolutely, we know certainly with some conditions like heart disease and clogged arteries, boy you can turn that around pretty rapidly by eating a healthy plant based diet. So yeah all is not lost, once your an adult you can really change your health, through good food choices.
Caryn Hartglass: And I don’t bring this up as much as I used too, but I guess I’m bringing it up right now. You know I had advance ovarian cancer, and I was a vegan for a long time and I was hit with that and, I’ve asked myself many times what happened and I have a story in my head that figured it all out, but it definitely proved to me that these food that I’m eating, were so powerful in helping me get through the treatment and heal afterwards. so maybe my child hood was not the best nutritionally.
Ginny Messina: Yeah
Caryn Hartglass: Left a lot of junk behind But, I’m here. And I’m here to talk about the power of plant foods!
Ginny Messina: Yeah, and I think you know there is a, there’s two messages there. One is that you know again I said that there are many unanswered questions when it comes to nutrition and chronic disease, we don’t know how to be bullet proof agents disease, but we do know how to maximize a healthy diet so that we can get the most mileage out of it as possible.
Caryn Hartglass: you talked to about women who want to get pregnant, and how important nutrition plays in fertility and then what to do once the baby is born, and how to feed yourself and to feed your baby. Your probably familiar with the Weston Price Foundation, and they have a lot of interesting information on their site.
Ginny Messina: Interesting would be a kind word.
Caryn Hartglass: Interesting, I don’t recommend believing most of the things they say. But I remember reading that they recommended, babies should be fed, where the mother could chew up some meat in her mouth and then feed it back to the baby, what do you think of that?
Ginny Messina: Well I, you know I don’t think much of it. The idea of course is that red meat is rich in iron and zinc, and that babies need those nutrients and there can be some very devastating effects when infants are not getting adequate iron and zinc in their diet and not having a healthy diet, but of course in the united states most babies, when their starting to eat solid foods, hopefully being breast fed before that. When they start to eat solids foods they eat fortified cereals, and the research shows pretty well that those are just as effective in meeting a babies iron and zinc needs, as red meat and certainly doesn’t set a baby up for a lifetime of unhealthy eating habits. So I would stick with the breast milk and fortified cereals, I think.
Caryn Hartglass: Ok, that sounds very good to me too. It’s just, you know I don’t know if its something that I’ve been socialized on but it’s just doesn’t sound appealing to me.
Ginny Messina: Not it doesn’t sound very appealing to me either, and I guess maybe one time in our evolution, mothers may have done that, when they didn’t have access to the kind of foods we have today. So I think it’s an awful lot of trouble and not very appealing, and I don’t think women need to worry much about that.
Caryn Hartglass: Right, and those magical Isoflavones in soy foods not only are they good inside are body’s, you talked about how their good on our skin.
Ginny Messina: Yeah there are some really exciting research coming down the pike on that, showing that both consuming soy foods and using isoflavons topically can reduce wrinkles, and you know it’s not Botox or anything but it’s a lot more natural and a lot safer so the research on that is pretty exciting.
Caryn Hartglass: Yeah well we don’t really know the impact of Botox yet it’s so new.
Ginny Messina: Right
Caryn Hartglass: And its scares me personally.
Ginny Messina: Yeah I know, and isoflavons are a lot more natural and a lot less expensive to and don’t involve any needles.
Caryn Hartglass: It’s just from a bean!
Ginny Messina: Yeah! its either eat the bean or put the cream on your face, both of those seem pretty easy and not very scary.
Caryn Hartglass: Ok so while we’re on the subject of beans, I love soy foods but if you can’t eat soy foods if you allergic, there’s a whole world of wonderful legumes out their all different sizes, shapes, colors. And you talk about the importance of eating beans in this book, in number of different places.
Ginny Messina: Right, and absolutely I hear from people all the time, saying “I would like to be vegan but I can’t eat soy foods or I don’t like soy foods.” Soy is not essential in vegan diets or in any kind of diet, if people don’t like them or if they have soy allergy’s you can get all the protein you need , all the nutrition from eating other kinds of beans, the ones that are used so existentially throughout the world like; bean burritos, hummus and foods that we all love and again you can have peanut butter and jelly sandwich and get your legumes that way so yes soy foods are definitely, their wonderful if you like them but they are not essential by any means.
Caryn Hartglass: My partner Gary, he had weight issues most of his life and then found peace with a vegan diet. One of his favorite foods is peanut butter and when he grew up, he was told he he really couldn’t eat it and it makes him very happy.
Ginny Messina: That he can have it now.
Caryn Hartglass: He eats it as much as he wants.
Ginny Messina: Yeah, peanut butter is one of my favorite health foods actually. So just packed with protein and fiber and healthy fats its, there are no protein rich animal foods that can boast that kind of thing
Caryn Hartglass: And then I was curious when, I forget what you were talking about beans but comparing dried beans to canned beans. Canned beans, what exactly did you say they um.
Ginny Messina: Did I talk about the glycemic index?
Caryn Hartglass: Yes!
Ginny Messina: Yeah one of the things I really encourage women to do in this book, is to choose low carbohydrates foods that are digested slowly and that causes slow gradual rise in blood glucose levels, because that seems to be protective against whole hosts of chronic diseases. So one of the issues is that the more beans are cooked, the faster their digested and so canned beans tend to their not as slowly digested as the beans that you cook yourself at home, doesn’t mean canned beans are bad all beans are good for you. And if you are too busy to cook your own beans, then by all means buy canned beans, Because for some of us it’s so convenient to not eating beans at all, they’re so good for you.
Caryn Hartglass: But there is a little difference in terms of the glycolic index
Ginny Messina: Right, thats the only difference otherwise canned beans are just as good. And there still packed with fiber, they still help lower blood cholesterol, their still a really good choice.
Caryn Hartglass: Yeah what I do at home is I buy tons and tons of canned beans as a emergency, back up thing. And then most of the time I used dried beans and then when I’m in a pinch I grab a canned bean, I want to use the expression free two birds with one key
Ginny Messina: Yeah, it’s a better expression
Caryn Hartglass: But this way I have all this great back up food in case of an emergence, of course nothing’s going happen here in new York city ever.
Ginny Messina: Right
Caryn Hartglass: And then you know for quick food it’s there, but most of the time its dried beans but I never heard there was a significant difference between them.
Ginny Messina: Yeah and I talk about it only because for woman who are willing to cook things from scratch it’s a better choice, it doesn’t mean that canned beans are a bad choice. I actually tend to buy canned chick peas because they tend to take longer to cook, so I use a canned variety of those but the other lentils, kidneys bean all of those I cook from scratch cause they dont take that long.
Caryn Hartglass: Their fast.
Ginny Messina: Yeah.
Caryn Hartglass: Okay, there’s just so many pages in this book, there’s just so many different things to talk about. I was also curios can we talk a bit about folic acid and foilate? because well I’ve heard that we really don’t want to substitute folic acid because it can be problematic and that we should eat it from our dark green vegetables, but you then do recommend it for pregnant women, that they might supplement some of it?
Ginny Messina: Yeah for pregnant women or women who are thing about becoming pregnant, the difference is that the b vitamin follate occur naturally in a number of vegetable especially leaky green vegetables and also in beans and orange juice and oranges. folic acid is the synthetic version of foliate used to fortify foods and is also used in supplements. follate the B vitamin or folic acid performs at the same B vitamin is extremely important in earl development in pregnancy its extremely important for development of the embryo, normal healthy development. And what we know from science right now is that women who take folic acid supplements or eat food that are fortified with folic acid, have a much lower risk of birth defects. And you know we could probably just benefit from eating foods that are rich in foliate but the research isn’t there, so we’re still recommending that women eat a diet that is rich foods that provide natural foliate but that they also take a folic acid supplement and the benefits of doing so, far outweigh any risks associated with that, especially because we were just talking about pregnancy not talking about doing this your entire life.
Caryn Hartglass: Okay, and I just had something but it just slipped away quickly very good, supplements in general now you just mentioned B12 and I’m glad you did, people need to know how important it is.
Ginny Messina: Yeah it’s so important it’s not, plant foods do not naturaly provide vitamin b12 it actually comes from bacteria, thats were all of the vitamin in the world come from. So vegans do need to supplement with vitamin B12, I recommend twenty five micro grams of vitamin B12 s cyanocobalamin is the form you should look for on the vitamin label. And you know it’s not, it doesn’t make us so unique its not a unique vegan issue, because all the people over the age of fifty whether their eating meat or not, no matter how much vitamin b12 is in their diet actually need to also be taking supplements, because as we age it become harder to absorb the vitamin that’s found in meat and milk, so vitamin B12 supplements are important for vegans, their important for anyone over the age of fifty.
Caryn Hartglass: You’ve been doing this a long time Ginny.
Ginny Messina: I have yes, about thirty years!
Caryn Hartglass: And I was, last night I was celebrating my mom’s eightieth birthday with my father and my mom and a couple that’s friends with them, and the wonderful thing is my mom and her friend recently decided to give up animal foods, I think their still eating eggs occasionally, they’ve given up the dairy and all of that which is really great and my parents friends’ husband has done this a couple years ago and he thinks its phenomenal and we were all laughing because all of their friends are always asking him, and now his wife and my mom “Were do you get your protein?” that’s still a question
Ginny Messina: Yeah it’s a question that has been around a long time.
Caryn Hartglass: How many times have you heard it in thirty years?
Ginny Messina: Yeah, a lot of times absolutely, and of course we get our protein so easily on a vegan diet, it’s just again legumes are packed with protein their so protein rich and there’s also protein in grains and vegetables, nuts and seeds so it’s pretty easy.
Caryn Hartglass: You have a chapter I wanted to talk to you because we’ve only got a few more minutes left and that’s the Female Vegan Athlete, and first of all I want to say yes! You go girls we can do it all, but we need some good food.
Ginny Messina: Yeah, and for all athletes vegan or not, the thing that most women need to pay the most attention to is making sure they’re getting enough calories because when we see our problems with female athletes and again, this is not specific to vegans or vegetarians it’s for all female athletes, Women who are over exercising and not eating enough calories can develop amenorrhea they lose their period and that can have damaging effects to bone health and raise risk for atherosclerosis. So just enough food is the number one most important thing for female athletes and if you’re getting enough calories from health plant foods you’re going to be getting lots of protein, carbohydrates and healthy fat automatically.
Caryn Hartglass: I was at a conference maybe ten years ago and I think it was a raw food conference, and there was a couple of young women thought it was a good thing they weren’t getting there period anymore
Ginny Messina: Oh geez, that’s really unfortunate to hear, very unhealthy for you to lose your period it’s just not normal development, and again it can have a extremely damaging affect on bone health.
Caryn Hartglass: Wow, well ok know the last thing I want to know from you since you’ve been doing this so long and educating so many people about a lot of different things. What are you eating, are you eating all these recipes that are on the back of the book or what?
Ginny Messina: I love the recipes that in the back of the book, I don’t cook a great deal, I kind of do bolt cooking ever week and freeze thing and put things aside, so I eat a lot of black bean burritos with guacamole and lentil soup and hummus sandwiches every day, and of course lots of fruits and veggies and salads.
Caryn Hartglass: Mmm, and what do you think about the food that you eat?
Ginny Messina: I think it’s really good! I know it’s really healthy and I think it’s really good.
Caryn Hartglass: I love my food, and you’ve used the word occasionally I think “rigid and restrictive” and I don’t think this diet is any of that, there are things that people realize they shouldn’t be eating. But when you finally adjust your palette and taste buds, this is a fabulous diet.
Ginny Messina: It is a fabulous diet and I do want people to know that the world of plant foods is extremely diverse and really enjoyable and there are no plant foods that we can’t have we’ve got lots of choices.
Caryn Hartglass: Mmm, ok so stick to the plant plate, Ginny thank you for talking with me and for Vegan For Her: The Diet For Being Healthy And Fit On a Plant Based Diet. Yes.
Ginny Messina: Thank you so much.
Caryn Hartglass: Ok, take care
Ginny Messina: Bye, bye.
Caryn Hartglass: Bye, bye, And her website is TheVeganRD.com check that out, alright let’s take a break and then were going to talking about chocolate, luscious chocolate, vegan chocolate, ethical chocolate, okay we’ll be right back.
Transcribed by Chris Hill, October 30, 2013